<--!>
Archeological Society of Maryland, Inc.

Menu_Bar
ASM logo
About ASM Activities
ASM Publications Awards
Membership Information Chapters
ASM Contacts WWW Links
Hot News CAT Program
Field Session Survey Program
Archeology Month
Special Features
On-Line Store
Donations
ASM Library
ASM Home

A Two-Story Log House Mystery on the Henry Dice Farm:
An Early 19th Century Farm House in Carroll County, Maryland

Barbara A. and Stephen S. Israel

Introduction:

In 2010 and 2011, the Central Maryland Chapter of the Archeological Society of Maryland (ASM) investigated the Henry Dice Farm House site on the south side of Manchester, Carroll County, in an attempt to identify the footprint of the Samuel Owing's 1789/1790-1884, two-story log house. This article is an abbreviated summary from our phase I archaeological report on the Two-Story Log House on the Henry Dice Farm completed in 2011. The full report is on file at the Carroll County Historical Society Research Library.

Samuel Owings built numerous mills around Baltimore County and left behind a beautiful brick home in Owings Mills, Maryland, north of Baltimore City on the Gwynn's Falls in Baltimore County that was demolished in 1996 in the dead of night in 1978 to keep it from being kept as a historic home. (1)

There have been two archaeological investigations into log houses in Carroll County, Maryland. In 2007, the Maryland State Highway Administration conducted a Phase III data recovery investigation of the Elizabeth Lowry House Site in Carroll County for the highway widening of Route 140 west of Westminster. The original Elizabeth Lowry House log cabin was built by free blacks and laborers in the first half of the 19th century. This house was later enlarged into a much bigger house. (2)

The Henry Dice Farm is located on the south side of Manchester, Carroll County, at the headwater of George's Run, west of Route 30, and north of the 1970s Charmil Housing Development which had been part of the 100 acre Henry Dice farm (Figure 1). Charles Ruby, a previous owner of the farm sold off all but 2-1/2 acres in the 1960s after creating the pond (Table I). The 2-1/2 acres includes the standing 1884 Henry Dice stud and board farm house, the original bank barn, the pre-Civil War wagon shed, the 1960s pond fed by a spring, the spring house ruin which is represented by several stone blocks and some pottery shards, and George's Run north of the property with a line of trees that mark the stream.

The Henry Dice 1884 farm house was inventoried by the Maryland Historical Trust (CARR-1315) as being a historical house and as such was written up in 1983 then revisited in 1996 for another look at its historical nature. (3) There were comments in this document referencing the two-story log house.

Figure 1: Lake, Griffin, & Stevenson, 1877 Illustrated Atlas of Carroll County, Maryland, Manchester, District No. 6. Adam and Anna Hively’s farm house is located immediately south of Manchester, On the west side of Hanover Pike.
On April 26, 2010, Joel Smith, the present owner, visited the Central Maryland Chapter's archaeology dig in Manchester, Maryland, where my husband and I were excavating at the prehistoric Pine Valley Park site, and described two newspaper articles he found from 1871 and 1881 referring to the two-story log house on his property. Mention was made in the Westminster Democratic Advocate of August 3, 1871, and again March 5, 1881, of the farm being sold in forced sales to pay off creditors. (4 & 5)

Investigation

In the Democratic Advocate, August 3, 1871, David Shaffer, the sixth owner, placed an advertisement describing his farm's forced sale. "A valuable little farm" was improved with a two-story log dwelling including a Switzer barn, a hog house, wagon shed, carriage house, blacksmith's shop, and dairy. Most improvements are of recent construction and in good repair. There is also an orchard of 150 apple trees and a variety of fruits of the choicest kinds.

In the Democratic Advocate, ad of August 5, 1881, placed by Adam and Anna Hively, described another forced sale. "A good two-story and weather boarded dwelling log house, an excellent bank barn, blacksmith shop, wagon and other sheds and all the necessary out-buildings plus a good dairy over a never failing spring."

On the first day at Henry Dice Farm we walked the Smith vegetable garden and found a red glaze earthenware shard. We dug three shovel test pits in front of the house and found prehistoric artifacts that had washed down from upslope. We dug four shovel test pits at the stone spring house/dairy ruin and found four pre-Civil War ceramics - red earthenware and stoneware. On our next visit with Joel Smith, he gave us a tour of the rear yard which contained a 12 x 12 foot depression in the ground of what looked like a filled-in cellar hole. We were later able to see it in the 1960s aerial photograph of the farm buildings.

Next, we searched the archives at the Carroll County Historical Society regarding the property and learned Samuel Owings, land speculator and mill builder in Baltimore County, bought the land patent from Lord Baltimore in 1789 and built a two-story log dwelling 24 x 18 feet on a tract of land called "Everything Needful Corrected" between 1789 and 1790. (6 & 7) According to the Maryland 1798 tax records, Peter Nace, a tenant farmer, lived in the two-story log house. According to his will, Samuel Owings' daughter, Elizabeth Owings Marsh inherited the property upon her 21st birthday after her father's death. We aren't sure if Elizabeth and her husband ever lived in the two-story log house. The log house may have been rented to tenant farmers or stood empty for a number of years.

The Chain of Title reconstructed through the land records show that seven families lived in the log house between 1798 and 1881 (Table II). The Shaffer and Hively farm families were forced to sell their farm to pay off creditors during the 1870s economic downturn. One owner, Jacob Kempher, a Lutheran minister, and his family lived in the two-story log house for ten years from 1843 to 1853. He was minister at the Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church congregation in Manchester where a historic sign describes the church north of town along Route 30. He was eventually reassigned to another church and moved away to Pennsylvania.

On April 1, 1882, Henry Dice purchased the farm through a Carroll County Court of Equity Case at a Public Sheriff's sale. Records from 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870 records indicated that the Dices had been living in the Manchester area for two generations. According to the 1890 US census, Dice built a more modern two-story stud and board house worth $400 between 1882 and 1884.

Despite our archaeology walk-over and shovel test pit field survey, evidence of the log house footprint is nowhere to be found. We dug thirty shovel test pits and three auger holes. The log house may have been the 12 x 12 foot depression located on the rise behind the present 1884 farm house. However, our scattered shovel test pits and the discovery of a large refuse pit midden all contained post-Civil War artifacts from the Henry Dice era - 1884 to 1914 - near the depression. We dug from the summer of 2010 to spring of 2011 and did not find the log cabin footprint. On the same rise as the 12 x 12 foot depression, the midden contained batteries from 1908, mason jars and lids, barbed wire, pharmacy bottles, an early radio tube, utilitarian white ware. Everything pointed to the Henry Dice era, 1884 to 1914.

In our shovel test pits, and coring within the 12 x 12 foot that contained depression located on the rise and layered back fill soil lenses east of the depression, we encountered shallow bed rock and post-Civil War artifacts. Henry Dice built his 1884 stud and board farm house replacing the two story log dwelling. Seven families lived in the 1884 house including the present owner, Joel Smith (Table I).

Table I Henry Dice Stud and Board Farm House Residents

Residents
Dates
Profession
Joel and Deane Smith 1975 to Present Consulting Biologist
Charles and Linda Ballard 1965 to 1975 Construction Contractor
Charles and Hilda Ruby 1955 to 1965 Farmer
Paul and Cora Myerly 1946 to 1955 Farmer
John and Joanna Myerly 1919 to 1946 Farm Hand
Charles and Missoura Stoffle 1914 to 1919 Farmer
Henry and Emma Dice 1882 to 1914 Farmer

The north side of the 1884 house and goat shed have a dark shadow that hides the ground truthing. The farm complex is open and shows several fields. There are a lot of gullies on the south west side of the barn showing erosion taking place(8).

Our question was where is the two story log house? The bank barn and wagon shed that pre-date the Civil War are still standing. In addition to the two story log house mentioned in the advertisement, we found:

Historic Features

The historic features identified during the Phase I Survey:

  1. A lens of limestone broken into small pieces that had to have been brought in from far away.
  2. The 12 x 12 foot depression or filled cellar hole on top of the rise west of the present farm house.
  3. 1884-1914 Henry Dice farm trash midden pit with late 19th and early 20th century artifacts.
  4. There is a Google map showing an 18th and 19th century farm road remnant.
  5. A dry stone retaining wall along the driveway between the bank barn and the wagon shed may have been the log house stone foundation.
  6. The springhouse/dairy stone ruin on the "reliable spring," located between the farm house and the pond.

The Artifacts

The Henry Dice Farm artifacts from our 22 STPs reveal:

  1. Springhouse/dairy, Feature #1 - STPs 3 - 6, the earthenware ceramic artifacts is mid-to-late 19th Century. The nails are corroded but probably machine cut.
  2. STPs 9 – 12, 13 -19, north and west reveal no artifacts at the side of the house. One STP, STP 1 east of farm house at top of the terrace, at the slope, contained earthenware, colorless glass, and machine nails in badly corroded condition making it impossible to distinguish between hand-made and machine made cut nails.
  3. STPs 7-8, 12x12 foot shallow depression, Feature #2. Feature #2 remains unidentified within the rear yard to the west. Driveway retaining wall, Feature 3, of large stones may have been placed along the driveway after the razing of the two-story log house stone foundation, we suggest. Concentrated crushed limestone, Feature 4, was found in a concentrated area along with square nails, a few 19th century glass sherds, nails, and iron farm implements. There were no ceramics. Limestone, Feature #4, is not local but brought in.
  4. STP #22 and Auger Probe #3 exposed a farm midden, Feature 5. A late 19th and an early 20th century farm midden/kitchen midden or trash pit. Glassware, bottles, fine and every day ceramics. Iron nails and barbed wire, tin cans, radio tube, early 20th century glass, ceramics, large electrical batteries, peach pits possibly from canning activity, and some bone.
  5. STP #22 and auger hole #3 may be the same or different trash pit.

Summary of Artifacts

The Phase I 22 STPs and three auger probes collected four scattered prehistoric artifacts and 103 historic ceramics, 98 glass, 1 vacuum tube, 106 metal and metal fragments, 85 barbed wire fragments, 50 corroded tin can fragments, corroded battery parts, 5 bone, 7 eggshell, and 27 peach pits. Following the examination of the ceramics and glass by Jim Gibb and Alyssa Marizan, it is our current view the artifact inventory contains only a few artifacts prior to the Dice farm occupation except for possibly some earthenware found at the springhouse/dairy in STP 3 and 6. Most of the ceramics are inexpensive white ware dating from 1820 to 1910.

BOTTLES: Glass containers following the introduction of the Owens Glass Company mass production became of less value in contrast to the earlier 19th century and were largely discarded rather than saved. The mass produced containers exhibited suction scars on the base which are early 20th century. We have several two-piece mold machine-finished seam bottles. There are corked bottles and machine screw tops for metal screw-on lids. One glass was molded (three pieces), and Swindel pharmacy bottles. These bottles all point to the early 20th century as identified by Alyssa Marizan.

CERAMICS: The ceramics by-and-large were plain utility wares with little decoration or ornament signifying mass production for rural farm styles versus urban wealth with fancier ceramics. The rural modest ceramics revealed very few fashionable ceramics found in urban settings. There were very few maker's marks (signifying imported ware). The Henry Dice Farm ceramics (from Feature #5) appear to be post date 1890. Except for the (1) red glazed earthenware sherds and (2) a gray alkaline glaze with Albany slip black slip stoneware butter pot or crock, the ceramics represent the late 19th century and early 20th century. (3) Lot 16 red earthenware black red glaze milk pan rim.

METALS:

  1. Hand wrought nails 19th century to 1830.
  2. Machine cut and headed nails 1830 - 1900.
  3. Wire nails 1900 - present.
  4. Barbed wire mass produced after 1873 and 1880s.
  5. There is one thick iron rivet to a machine.

BATTERIES AND TUBE: The heavily corroded batteries are no earlier than 1880. There is a glass vacuum tube present.

MASON JAR LIDS: The earliest lids are called Boyd's with a diamond symbol. One non-Boyd zinc Mason jar lid had no diamond symbol with patent dates December 16, 1861 to June 9, 1868.

Missing Pre-Civil War artifacts in our investigation so far are:

  1. Pearl ware.
  2. Wrought iron hand-cut nails. Many of the Phase I nails are heavily corroded preventing us from distinguishing hand or machine made characteristics.
  3. Thick green and black wine bottle glass.
  4. Pulverized limestone which could date to the early two-story log house 1790 to 1850 period.

In the Chain of Title 1798 to 1835, there was one tenant in 1798, then a large gap, then from 1835 to the late 1870s (1881) continuously occupied (Table II).

Table II Two Story Louse House Residents

Residents
Dates
Profession
Adam and Anna Hively 1874 to 1881 Farmer
George and Amenda Pfeffer 1872 to 1874 Farmer
David and Mary Shaffer 1854 to 1872 Farmer
Jacob and Lydia Kempfer 1845 to 1854 Lutheran Minister
David and Sarah Houck 1835 to 1845 Merchant
Stephen and Eleanor Marsh 1821 to 1835 Inherited Tract
Peter Nace 1798 to 1799? Listed Tenant in 1798 Tax Assessment
Samuel Owings 1789 to 1803? Land Speculator and Developer

The cultivated and flower garden areas west of the house are bare soil which have been turned over and do not exhibit cultural trash other than a piece or two of ceramics.

Our testing in the open meadow to the north found no artifacts. Our testing around a modern cesspool located north of the Henry Dice farm house we found one pre-Civil War artifact, a thick light gray exterior/black interior shard. We didn't test south of the 1884 house because of a present day greenhouse and fish pond put in by Joel Smith, the present owner. Outside the fence line in front of the farm house, west of the present day corn field, we dug Shovel Test Pit No. 29 and found:

  1. Two pieces of pearl ware
  2. A rose head iron nail
  3. A piece of earthenware
  4. Several corroded nails that could not be identified

As well as the pre-Civil War artifacts from Shovel Test Pits Nos. 4 and 5, at the springhouse/dairy. Where the two story log house footprint is, is still a mystery.

The historical documentation on Adam and Anna Hively, the last residents to live in the two-story log house included a five page inventory of Adam Hively's farm equipment that he was forced to sell was found archived at the Maryland Hall of Records in Annapolis. (9) The Panic of the 1870s and drop in farm prices was felt nationwide. Still no two story log house.

Conclusions

Documentation indicates the house stood for 90 years from the 1790s to 1882. A tenant farmer occupied it in the late 1790s. Together, the farm landscape and finding a dearth of pre-Civil War artifacts adjacent to the 1884 stud and board farm house lends support to the postulate that Henry Dice razed the log house and built his stud and board two story house on the log house footprint in 1882/1883 while he lived nearby in Manchester at his Manchester house as his new farm house was being built. Henry Dice may have razed the log cabin on the same footprint overlooking the springhouse/dairy. A stud and board dwelling 24 x 22 feet may have been built on the log house footprint. This does not support the postulate that Henry Dice lived in the log house while he built his new house and razed it afterwards. Possibly the footprint is outside the present farm 2-1/2 acre parcel which was formerly 100 acres.

These postulates are based on the absence of pearl ware, thick green/black wine bottle glass, hand wrought iron nails, and the pulverized limestone found in my phase 1 survey. The most common artifacts in my survey were mass produced late 19th - early 20th century colorless, amber, brown glass containers, molded glass with finished seams, molded glass with machine screw top, pharmacy bottles, steel rim and glass mason jar lids, utilitarian white earthenware cups, saucers, plates, a white raised earthenware decal rim, a semi-porcelain demitassel small cup rim and handle shards from circa 1835 that may have belonged to Henry Dice's family, machined square cut iron nails, machined round wire nails, barbed wire, long cylinder batteries circa 1908, corroded and disintegrating tin cans, spikes, bolts, and corroded and indeterminable iron items.

The smallest frequency artifacts found was thick black, brown, red glazed earthenware, thick black, brown slip earthenware, pearl ware, thick amber glass, rose headed wrought iron square nails, a wrought iron barn door hinge, and a wrought iron plow share blade. All of these items date to the pre-Civil War period (Figures 2, 3 & 4).

Figure 2: Pre Civil War Brown Earthenware and Gray Stoneware
Shard Fragments
Figure 3: Pre Civil War Pearlware, Stoneware, Earthenware and
a Rose Head Wrought Iron Nail
Figure 4: Pre Civil War fine French semi-porcelain demitasse small cup and handle shards from ca. 1835

Learning that Henry Dice lived in his house in Manchester gave us the clue that he may have razed the two story log house and built his 1884 stud and board house on the same footprint.

Joel Smith, the current owner, and his remodeling contractors have found no evidence of the original log house in the interior exposed walls. Additionally, the log house and stud and board house have different dimensions.

We relied heavily on Dr. Arthur Tracey's 1937 Lands Grants of Carroll County card file (which filled us with incentive) at the Carroll County Historical Society. The Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties was an exciting new experience for me. At the Maryland Hall of Records in Annapolis, Maryland, I found in two bundles of papers including the two newspaper advertisements for the two farm sales and the inventory of farm equipment and personal belongings the Hively's were forced to forfeit. They were very brave people indeed.

When Steve and I looked at the Google Earth map and saw the trace of a road going from the farm house area up into the field we didn't have access to, we were surprised. Working on the excavation we found a 2 foot long barn door hinge and a plow share about 2 or 3 inches below the surface of the grass. People were walking over yesterday's history. We found 100 year old peach pits that were in excellent condition and medicine bottles used for family illnesses. For me this became an obsession. I couldn't stop talking about or looking for new information on Carroll County's log houses and historical papers.

Someone asked me when I would do another historic project and I had to say, "when someone asks me to explore their property." There haven't been any requests so far.

We are still looking for the two story log house footprint on the "valuable little farm with the bank barn, hog house, wagon shed, carriage house, blacksmith shop, and dairy on a reliable spring."

Acknowledgements

The contributions of the following individuals are acknowledged. Joel and Deanne Smith, the current owners of the Henry Dice Farmhouse, graciously shared their historical records and photographs on their Henry Dice Farm and gave Stephen and I permission to explore and shovel test their property. Susan Bundy, a Genealogist Research Assistant at the Carroll County Historical Society's Research Library, capably assisted and guided Stephen and I through the stacks and drawers full of the Carroll County archival records. James Gibb and Alyssa Marizan from Gibb Archaeological Consulting; are thanked for assisting in the identification of the historic ceramics.

References

(1) Samuel Owings 1767 stone house demolished to make way for office tower, Baltimore Sun, March 1, 1996.

(2) Maryland Historical Trust, Carroll County Inventory of Historic Properties is on line: Henry Dice Farm (Inventory No. CARR-1315), dated July 24, 1992. Report expanded in June 1996.

(3) And Elizabeth Lowery House and Site (Inventory No. CARR-656, located on the MD 140 Westminster Bypass. In 1839, a Free African American woman, built a 2 story log house on the parcel. Instead of razing the log house, the log house was added onto in the mid 19th century.

(4) Democratic Advocate, August 3, 1871, page 3, column 4), published in Westminster.
David Shaffer placed an ad in the Democrate Advocate describing his farm for sale. The advertisement noted that the "valuable little farm" was improved with a 2-story log dwelling, including an excellent Switzer Barn, a Hog House, Wagon Shed, Carriage House, Blacksmith Shop, and Dairy. Most of the improvements are of recent construction and in good repair. There is also an orchard of 150 Apple Trees and a variety of other fruits of the choicest kinds.

(5 & 9) Democrate Advocate, March 5, 1881:3, published in Westminster.
Adam and Anna Hively placed an ad in the Democrate Advocate describing the improvements, consisting of "a good two-story and weatherboard Dwelling House, an excellent Bank Barn, blacksmith shop, wagon and other sheds, and all the necessary outbuildings. A good dairy over a never-failing spring."

1872 Forced to sale their 100 acre farm to satisfy creditors; In: Carroll County Chancery Book 22, pp 289-101, Equity No. 1261. William Tracey and Amos Shaffer vs David T. Shaffer.

1874 Forced to sale their 100 acre farm to satisfy creditors; In: Carroll County Chancery Book 26, pp 162-174, Equity No. 1447. Building Association of Manchester Vs George Pfeffer.

1881 Forced to sale their 100 acre farm to satisfy creditors; In: Carroll County Chancery Book 24, pp 472-491, Equity No. 2058. Joseph M. Parks Trustee vs Adam Hively.

(6) George Horvath, J., Jr., 1986. The Particular Assessment Lists for Baltimore and Carroll Counties 1798. Samuel Owings' Everything Needful Corrected Land Patent shows a 106 acre tract with a hewd log, dwlg hse, 2 stry, 24 x 18 and a log barn 52 x 22 standing in 1798. Peter Nace, occupant, (Horvath 1986:91). This record implies the 2 story log house was erected sometime between 1789 and 1798, after Samuel Owings received approval for his land patent.

(7)For early land patent applications in Baltimore County:

http://files.usgwarchives.org/md/baltimore/land/tracy2.txt

Samuel Owings - Baltimore County, "Everything Needful", 1,755 acres. Part of an earlier tract of land called "Christopher's Fancy."

Pipe Creek Hundred area of Baltimore County Tax Assessments for 1783. No improvements are listed for the Everything Needful Corrected land patent (MHS Research Library).

Baltimore County Commissioners of the Tax (Assessment Records for 1804), does not list properties in the Pipe Creek Hundred area of Baltimore County.

Baltimore County Commissioners of the Tax Assessments, Assessment Ledgers for years 1813 - 1817 and for 1813 - 1822, do not list assessments for Stephen Marsh or Samuel Owings.

(8) USDA Aerial Photo south of Manchester, MD. Flight Number and Index: AGZ-66-68, flown on November 24, 1937. This 10 x 10 inch b/w print, shows the farm at the head of your driveway next to Hanover Pike, another house just north of where Ruby's pond. And shows the barn, the goat shed and 1884 cedar siding house, plus two structures between the barn and house and a structure just east of the goat shed.

Aerial photograph AGZ-1DD-121, flown on September 22, 1963. This is an index number to a 10 x 10 inch b/w print.

A 10 x 10 inch color aerial photo, VW879-649 flown in August 1987, Manchester, Maryland. By this time, the trees around your house are tall and hide the house and outbuildings.

United States Federal Census 1830 through 1930

http://plato.mdarchives.state.md.us/msa/stagser/s; MSA, Baltimore County Circuit Court, Land Survey

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/

http://files.usgwarchives.org/md/baltimore/land/tracy2.txt

http://hscc.arr.org/research/microfilm/advocate.htm

http://www.mdlandrec.net/msa/stagser/s; Baltimore and Carroll County Land Deed Records.

http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester,_Maryland; History of Manchester, Maryland.

http://www/msa. md.gov/msa/refserv/generalogy/html/land/htm; describes the development and history of the early land holder’s land grant programs in Maryland.

Dr. Arthur G. Tracey
1937 Land Grants of Carroll County: Some Things We Learn from them, The Times, May 28, 1937.

Dr. Arthur G. Tracey’s Hampstead District of Baltimore County, plot of approved land patents through 1760.

Martenet, Simon J.
1861 Martenet’s Map of Carroll County, Maryland. Simon J. Martenet. Baltimore

Lake, Griffing, and Stevenson
1877 An Illustrated Atlas of Carroll County, Maryland. Lake, Griffing, and Stevenson, Philadelphia.
Rand McNally

USGS Manchester, MD and PA, 7.5’ Quad Sheet.

USDA, Aerial Photograph, AAA-1:2000, GZ-66-68, flown on October 24, 1937 (black and white)

Close up color aerial photos of the Henry Dice Farm from the late 1960s or early 1970s.

Historical Society of Carroll County, Research Library, Westminster.

Maryland Hall of Records, Research collection, Annapolis.

Stephen Marsh: Baltimore County Will Book: Will Abstract, Will Box 13, page 269; MHS Library.
Stephen Marsh’s Will, dated October 10, 1828, and was recorded by his daughter Eleanor Owings Marsh on September 15, 1829 in Baltimore County. The one page Will is difficult to read, (Baltimore County Register of Wills, 1827 – 1831, transcript CR 72246-1, reel 13, pp 269-270 at the Maryland Hall of Records.

American and Commercial Daily Advertiser, August 29, 1829:4, “Stephen Marsh died at his residence in Baltimore County, on the 43 year of his life.” MHS, Micro Reel 1919.

Stephen Marsh died on August 25, 1829 on the 43rd year of his life and buried at Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church in Long Green, Baltimore County. MHS Library, Genealogy Cards.

Jacob Kampher, Lutheran Minister (1850 US Census). Jacob Kampher is shown as a Minister in the Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church in Manchester. Index to Records of Zion Lutheran Church, Manchester, Md., www.genealoger.com/lutheran/.../luth_chrec_maryland.htm.

George Horvath, J., Jr.
1986 The Particular Assessment Lists for Baltimore and Carroll Counties 1798, Family Line Publications, Westminster.

Joe Getty
1987 Carroll’s Heritage. Essays on the Architecture of a Piedmont Maryland County. See Chapter 5: The Tradition of Log Construction; pp 43-58.

Baltimore County Wills for
Eleanor Marsh? ………………
Stephen Marsh died Aug 25, 1829; Will written Oct 10, 1828. On file at the MD Hall of Records
Samuel Owings died June 11, 1803; Will written May 7, 1803. On file at the Hist Soc Balt Co.

Joel E. Smith, personal communication.

Joel E. Smith, August 27, 2010, critique and comments on the Maryland Historical Trust Henry Dice Farm (Inventory No. CARR-1315, Historical Properties Report, June 1996), are below. In this report, the MHT argues that the Henry Dice Farm House (a bank house) constructed in 1884, is essentially, the earlier two story log house, improved and enhanced with the weatherboard, and later covered with modern siding. Joel Smith believes the 2 story log house and 2 story 1884 stud and board house are two distinct and completely separate structures.

Joel E. Smith, 2013, A Piedmont Legacy. A manuscript written on the history of the rolling piedmont plain, a dense forest canopy, the Henry Dice Farm and beyond.

Sun Bundy, Historical Society of Carroll County; Research Assistant

James Gibb and Alyssa Marizan, Gibb Archaeological Consulting; artifact identification

http://www.pbs.org/transistor/science/events/cacuumt.html; The Vacuum Tube.
http://www.sha.org/bottle/medicinal.htm; Bottle Typing/Diagnostic Shapes:
Medicinal/Chemical/Druggist Bottles.

http://www.allaboutbatteries.com/history-of-batteries.html; All About Batteries: History of battery
invention and development.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/grant/peopleevents/e_panic.html; Economic Panic of 1873

Chain of Title of the Henry Dice Farm House and the Earlier Log House, part of the approved 1789 “Everything Needful Corrected” land patent, located on the west side of Hanover Pike, Route 30, south of Manchester, MD. Compiled by Barbara and Stephen Israel, in 2010.

Brewer, Floyd J.
1990, 700 Years of Ceramics on the Nicoll-Sill Estate, Bethlehem, New York, The Bulletin, Journal of the New York State Archaeological Association, Number 101, Fall 1990: 10-26.

Biographical sketches:

Barbara A. Israel graduated from Towson University, 1990, with a B.A. in Psychology and completed the Maryland Certification for Archaeology Technicians Program in September 2011. She has been working in the field at Pine Valley Park, Manchester, Carroll County, MD, doing public archaeology on a Native American archaic site next to a wetlands under her mentor, Mr. Stephen Israel. She has been working at the Maryland Historical Trust lab with Louise Akerson cataloging the artifacts from the Biggs Ford site, the Rosenstock site both in Frederick County, MD, and the Chapel Point Site in Charles County, MD. “The Mystery of the Two-Story Log House” was her historical site survey project for the Maryland Certification and Training for Archaeological Technician program on which she has given several presentations. Presently, Ms. Israel is on the Board of ASM, Inc. and she is enrolled in Ancient Studies, focusing on Archaeology, and Museum Studies at UMBC.


Stephen S. Israel, archaeologist, is retired from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, Planning Division, where he was a staff archaeologist from 1976 through 2003. He received his M.A. from the Department of Anthropology at the University of Oklahoma in 1969, where he was a student of Robert E. Bell. The Saunders Point Historic Site was the author's first archeological experience in Maryland (in 1968). His research interests range from prehistoric settlement patterns and subsistence systems, ecology, and geoarchaeology to interpreting industrial archaeology and history. He has published articles on rockshelter investigations in the Maryland Eastern Piedmont. Mr. Israel is the past President of the Council for Maryland Archaeology and Chairperson of Central Maryland Chapter of the Archeological Society of Maryland, Inc. Currently, Mr. Israel is conducting archaeological investigation dig of a Late Archaic Native American site in the Piedmont Uplands at Pine Valley Park in Manchester, Carroll County, Maryland. His mailing address is 403 Old Orchard Road, Baltimore, MD 21229¬-2441, or he may be reached by e-mail at ssisrael@verizon.net. Married Barbara A. Cook-Gewirtz, July 29, 1990. Stepdaughter, Sarah Gewirtz. Resides in Baltimore, Maryland since June 1976.